Little is known about psychological distress and quality of life (QoL) in patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS), a rare hereditary disorder. We aimed to assess QoL and psychological distress in PJS patients compared to the general population, and to evaluate determinants of QoL and psychological distress in a cross-sectional study. PJS patients completed a questionnaire on QoL, psychological distress, and illness perceptions. The questionnaire was returned by 52 patients (85% response rate, 56% females, median age 44.5 years). PJS patients reported similar anxiety (p = 0.57) and depression (p = 0.61) scores as the general population. They reported a lower general health perception (p = 0.003), more limitations due to emotional problems (p = 0.045) and a lower mental well-being (p = 0.036). Strong beliefs in negative consequences of PJS on daily life, a relapsing course of the disease, strong emotional reactions to PJS, and female gender were major determinants for a lower QoL. PJS patients experience a similar level of psychological distress as the general population, but a poorer general health perception, more limitations due to emotional problems, and a poorer mental QoL. Illness perceptions and female gender were major predictors for this lower QoL. These results may help to recognize PJS patients who might benefit from psychological support.

Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Illness perception, Jeghers syndrome, Peutz, Peutz Jeghers syndrome, Psychological distress, Quality of life, Short Form 36, adult, aged, anxiety, article, controlled study, cross-sectional study, depression, distress syndrome, emotionality, female, gender, human, major clinical study, male, patient assessment, perception, population, priority journal, psychological well being, quality of life, questionnaire, scoring system,
Clinical Genetics: an international journal of genetics and molecular medicine
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van Lier, M.G.F, Mathus-Vliegen, E.M.H, van Leerdam, M.E, Kuipers, E.J, Looman, C.W.N, Wagner, A, & Vanheusden, K. (2010). Quality of life and psychological distress in patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Clinical Genetics: an international journal of genetics and molecular medicine, 78(3), 219–226. doi:10.1111/j.1399-0004.2010.01469.x