Purpose: After 25 years of practice and positive results of the Rehbein-procedure (RB) for children with Hirschsprung Disease (HD), we changed to the less invasive transanal endorectal pull through (TERPT). The aim of this study was to compare short- and mid-term complications of these two procedures in our patients with HD. Methods: Retrospective data of 50 HD patients were analyzed. Of these patients, 25 underwent RB (2000-2006) and in 25 the TERPT was performed (2005-2009). Medical records were reviewed to score complications and outcomes. Differences were analyzed using Chi-Square and Mann-Whitney U tests. Results: All RB patients (100%) were given a colostomy compared with four patients (16%) in the TERPT group (p < 0.001). The average age at surgery in the RB group was 191 days whereas this was 72 days in the TERPT group (p < 0.01). The mean length of time of surgery in the RB group (158 min) was not significantly different from that in the TERPT group (183 min). Ganglion cells were located in all specimens at the proximal end of the specimens. The median time to first feeding significantly decreased from 2 days (range 1-11) in the RB group to 1 day (range 1-3) in the TERPT group (p < 0.01). The median length of hospital stay decreased in the TERPT group (8 days) compared with the RB group (10 days) (p < 0.001). There was a significant reduction in postoperative obstructive symptoms during the first 6 months in the TERPT group (48%) compared with the RB group (84%) (p = 0.016). Postoperative enterocolitis decreased from 40% in the RB group to 24% in the TERPT group although this was not statistically significant. Conclusions: The introduction of TERPT reduced the need for colostomies; it shortened days to first feeding after surgery and reduced hospital stay. It also improved short-term outcome with less obstructive symptoms. We recommend TERPT surgery as a first choice in children with HD. we consider the RB now to be obsolete.

Enterocolitis, Hirschsprung, Hirschsprung's disease, Obstructive symptoms, Rehbein, Retrospective, Transanal endorectal pull through
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-010-2696-0, hdl.handle.net/1765/20934
Pediatric Surgery International
Article in press - dd Oktober 2010
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Visser, R, van de Ven, T.J, Rooij, I.A.L.M, Wijnen, R.M.H, & de Blaauw, I. (2010). Is the Rehbein procedure obsolete in the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease?. Pediatric Surgery International, 26(11), 1117–1120. doi:10.1007/s00383-010-2696-0