This paper examines the ability of balanced pension plan managers to successfully time the equity and bond market and select the appropriate assets within these markets. In order to evaluate both market timing abilities in these balanced pension plans, we extend the traditional equity market timing models to also account for bond market timing. As far as we know, we are among the first to apply this multifactor timing model to investigate equity and bond market timing simultaneously. This performance evaluation has been conducted on two samples of Spanish balanced pension plans, one with Euro Zone and one with World investment focus. This allows us to decompose managers’ skills in three components: selectivity, equity market timing, and bond market timing. Our findings suggest that the average stock picking ability of pension plans is positive. World schemes tend to have positive bond timing skills, while Euro Zone pension plans are on average not able to time equity or bond markets.

Additional Metadata
Keywords balanced pension plans, market timing, performance evaluation, stock picking
JEL Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions (jel G11)
Publisher Erasmus Research Institute of Management
Persistent URL
Series ERIM Report Series Research in Management
Andreu, L, & Swinkels, L.A.P. (2009). Performance Evaluation of Balanced Pension Plans (No. ERS-2010-037-F&A). ERIM Report Series Research in Management. Erasmus Research Institute of Management. Retrieved from