Before the era of cardiac surgery about half of the patients born with a congenital heart defect died within the first year of life. Survival until adulthood was very rare for patients with transposition of the great arteries (20 years survival <1 %), rare with tetralogy of Fallot (20 years survival <10%) and although survival beyond two decades was more common for patients with atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis, their life expectancy also was considerably reduced.

cardiac surgery, cardiology, childhood, congenital heart disease, infancy, long-term outcome
J. Hess (Jakob)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Cardio Holland bv, Bard Benelux nv, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands Heart Foundation
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Meijboom, F.J. (1995, May 24). Long-term outcome after surgery for congenital heart disease in infancy and childhood. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from