Abstract: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is associated with a marked elevation of serum total IgG4. Although there is evidence of autoimmunity in AIP, there are also signs of an allergic nature of its pathogenesis. Therefore, we determined both IgE and IgG4 in 13 patients with AIP, in 12 patients with pancreatic carcinoma and in 14 patients with atopic allergy and investigated the relationship between IgE and IgG4. Total IgG4 was determined by automated nephelometry and total IgE by automated enzyme fluoroimmunoassay. Both total IgE and total IgG4 levels in patients with AIP were significantly higher than those in patients with pancreatic carcinoma (P = 0.0004 and P = 0.015, respectively). There was a significant correlation between the total IgE and total IgG4 levels in patients with AIP and patients with atopic allergy (rs = 0.82,P = 0.0006 and rs = 0.88,P < 0.0001, respectively). The IgE/ IgG4 ratio in sera from patients with atopic allergy was significantly different (P = 0.0012) from this ratio in sera from patients with AIP. These results suggest that analysis of total IgE in serum might be useful in the differentiation between autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma.

adult, aged, antibody detection, article, atopy, autoimmune pancreatitis, cancer diagnosis, clinical article, controlled study, diagnostic value, differential diagnosis, female, fluoroimmunoassay, human, immunoglobulin E, immunoglobulin G4, immunoglobulin blood level, immunoglobulin e blood level, male, nephelometry, pancreas carcinoma, priority journal
dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3083.2010.02453.x, hdl.handle.net/1765/22097
Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van Toorenenbergen, A.W, van Heerde, M, & van Buuren, H.R. (2010). Potential value of serum total IgE for differentiation between autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology, 72(5), 444–448. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3083.2010.02453.x