Summary: In Western countries, irregular immigrants constitute a sizeable segment of the population. By combining quantitative and qualitative research methods, this article describes and explains irregular immigrants’ patterns of spatial concentration and incorporation in the Netherlands. So far these spatial patterns have not been described and explained systematically, neither in the Netherlands nor elsewhere. The article shows that illegal residence is selectively embedded in the (urban) social structure in various ways. The authors argue that irregular immigrants are likely to be spatially concentrated and incorporated in similar ways in other Western countries; now and in the foreseeable future.

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Journal Urban Studies: an international journal for research in urban studies
Note Includes Accepted Author Manuscript (OA)
Leerkes, A.S, Engbersen, G.B.M, & van San, M.R.P.J.R.S. (2007). Shadow Places: Patterns of Spatial Concentration and Incorporation of Irregular Immigrants in the Netherlands. Urban Studies: an international journal for research in urban studies, 44(8), 1491–1516. doi:10.1080/00420980701373479