Although recent research highlights the role of team member goal orientation in team functioning, research has neglected the effects of diversity in goal orientation. In a laboratory study with groups working on a problem-solving task, we show that diversity in learning and performance orientation are related to decreased group performance. Moreover, we find that the effect of diversity in learning orientation is mediated by group information elaboration and the effect of diversity in performance orientation by group efficiency. In addition, we demonstrate that team reflexivity can counteract the negative effects of diversity in goal orientation. These results suggest that models of goal orientation in groups should incorporate the effects of diversity in goal orientation.

diversity, goal orientation, reflexivity, team performance, team processes
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2010.11.003, hdl.handle.net/1765/22482
ERIM Top-Core Articles
Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

Nederveen Pieterse, A, van Knippenberg, D.L, & van Ginkel, W.P. (2011). Diversity in goal orientation, team reflexivity, and team performance. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 114(2), 153–164. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2010.11.003