Primary or idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common late-onset neurodegenerative disease, characterized by several clinical features, such as resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, depression and sleep disturbances. These symptoms are in most cases related to protein aggregation leading to a marked depletion of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra pars compacta of the basal ganglia and by a subsequent malfunction of the nigro-striatal circuitry. Only few risk factors for idiopathic PD have been identified, including both genetic and environmental components. However, some chemical compounds can induce secondary parkinsonism that promote PDlike symptoms, such as antipsychotic drugs, certain calcium channel blockers or anti-epileptic drugs. Despite increasing knowledge on genetic risk factors, the pathophysiology of PD has not been unraveled. Hitherto, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and inflammation are suspected to initiate PD associated loss of dopaminergic neurons. [...]

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Keywords 1, 2, 3, 6 tetrahydro 1 methyl 4 phenylpyridine, Parkinson disease, alpha synuclein, antioxidant activity, atorvastatin, brain derived neurotrophic factor, cholesterol, cholesterol blood level, cholesterol synthesis, cyclic AMP responsive element binding protein, cytokine production, diffuse Lewy body disease, disease model, dopamine, dopamine 1 receptor, dopamine 2 receptor, drug efficacy, drug megadose, drug withdrawal, dyskinesia, enzyme activation, enzyme synthesis, fluindostatin, human, hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, immunoglobulin enhancer binding protein, ischemic heart disease, lipid raft, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, medical research, meta analysis (topic), methodology, mevalonic acid, mevinolin, mitochondrial respiration, mitogen activated protein kinase 1, mitogen activated protein kinase 3, multicenter study (topic), muscle rigidity, nerve degeneration, neuroprotection, nonhuman, note, outcome assessment, parkinsonism, peroxynitrite, phase 2 clinical trial (topic), pitavastatin, placebo, pravastatin, priority journal, protein aggregation, protein kinase B, protein p21, randomized controlled trial (topic), risk reduction, rosuvastatin, sample size, signal transduction, simvastatin, tremor, tumor necrosis factor alpha, tumor necrosis factor receptor 2, ubidecarenone, unindexed drug
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.expneurol.2010.11.013, hdl.handle.net/1765/22761
Journal Experimental Neurology
Citation
Dolga, A.M, Culmsee, C, de Lau, L, Winter, Y, Oertel, W, Luiten, P.G.M, & Eisel, U.L.M. (2011). Statins - increasing or reducing the risk of Parkinson's disease?. Experimental Neurology (Vol. 228, pp. 1–4). doi:10.1016/j.expneurol.2010.11.013