Influenza viruses are very small pathogens (typically 80-120 nm) belonging to the family of the Orthomyxoviridae together with four other genera: Thogoto virus, Isavirus and influenza B and C viruses. The influenza viruses are distinguished based on the membrane channel protein, genome size and surface glycoproteins. The influenza A viruses are further subdivided into subtypes based on the surface glycoproteins hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA). At present, 16 subtypes of the HA and 9 subtypes of the NA are known.

Additional Metadata
Keywords T-cells, children, immunity, immunology, infectious diseases, influenza, vaccines, virology, virus
Promotor G.F. Rimmelzwaan (Guus)
Publisher Erasmus University Rotterdam
Sponsor EU,ViroClinics Biosciences B.V.,Sanquin bloedvoorziening Unit Reagentia
ISBN 978-90-90-25995-6
Persistent URL
Bodewes, R. (2011, March 18). Immunity to Influenza and Future Vaccination Strategies. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from