In this paper, we take the view that the essence of poverty is the fact that one or several basic conditions for generating a living are not being met.
The conditions considered most vital for making a living are to a certain extent context specific and subject to (cultural and social) interpretation and evaluation.

Africa, Economic development, Globalization
ISS Staff Group 0
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

de Haan, L.J, Kaag, M.A.A, de Bruijn, M.E, van Dijk, J.W.M, van Berkel, R, Brons, J, … Zoomers, A. (2004). Poverty is Bad: Ways forward in livelihood research. ISS Staff Group 0. Kluwer. Retrieved from