Environmental legislation and customer expectations increasingly force manufacturers to take back their products after use. Returned products may enter the production process again as input resources. Material management has to be modified accordingly.

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doi.org/10.1016/S0377-2217(01)00100-X, hdl.handle.net/1765/2287
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European Journal of Operational Research
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

Fleischmann, M., Kuik, R., & Dekker, R. (2002). Controlling inventories with stochastic item returns: a basic model. European Journal of Operational Research, 138(1), 63–75. doi:10.1016/S0377-2217(01)00100-X