In contrast to findings in other countries, and surprisingly in view of the literature, high tech economic activity in the Netherlands is not spread geographically according to either relevant labour market characteristics or because of localized agglomeration effects. Instead, statistical analysis shows that the Netherlands is an urban field, and that the knowledge infrastructure is the only variable to significantly explain high-tech presence through the Netherlands. By analysing the same relations for younger firms, we are able to make a rather strong case about causation.

Netherlands, high-tech, knowledge infrastructure, knowledge spillover & cognitive distance, location factors
Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms (jel L11), Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior (jel L2), Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting (jel M), Business Administration: General (jel M10)
Erasmus Research Institute of Management
ERIM Report Series Research in Management
Copyright 2002, G. van der Panne, W. Dolfsma, This report in the ERIM Report Series Research in Management is intended as a means to communicate the results of recent research to academic colleagues and other interested parties. All reports are considered as preliminary and subject to possibly major revisions. This applies equally to opinions expressed, theories developed, and data used. Therefore, comments and suggestions are welcome and should be directed to the authors.
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

van der Panne, G, & Dolfsma, W.A. (2002). The Odd Role Of Proximity In Knowledge Relations - High-Tech In The Netherlands (No. ERS-2002-75-ORG). ERIM Report Series Research in Management. Erasmus Research Institute of Management. Retrieved from