This paper focuses on how livelihood and the question of development and environment in a globalising era should be examined. It discusses various views in geography on the question of environment and development, and it explores the concept of sustainable livelihood. It concludes that a geographical conceptualisation of development and environment may profit from the discussion on sustainable livelihood, provided that it does not become entangled in an actor-cum-local bias. Moreover, the diffusion of non-equilibrium concepts may broaden the analysis of man-land relations and open the way to an analysis of globalisation effects. Globalisation gives rise to new assortments of geographical entities and, as livelihoods adapt, they will shape constantly shifting regions with specific man-land arrangements.

Sub Saharan Africa, development, environmentd, livelihoods, society
hdl.handle.net/1765/22969
ISS Staff Group 0
GeoJournal: an international journal on human geography and environmental sciences
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

de Haan, L.J. (2000). The question of development and environment in geography in the era of globalisation. GeoJournal: an international journal on human geography and environmental sciences, 50, 359–376. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/22969