Atherosclerotic pattern of coronary myocardial bridging assessed with CT coronary angiography
The aim of our study was to evaluate the atherosclerotic pattern of patients with coronary myocardial bridging (MB) by means of CT Coronary Angiography (CT-CA). 254 consecutive patients (166 male, mean age 58.6 ± 10.3) who underwent 64-slice CT-CA according to current clinical indications were reviewed for the presence of MB and concomitant segmental atherosclerotic pattern. Coronary plaques were assessed in all patients enrolled. 73 patients (29%) presented single (90%) or multiple (10%) MB, frequently (93%) localized in the mid-distal left anterior descending artery. The MB segment was always free of atherosclerosis. Segments proximal to the MB presented: no atherosclerotic disease (n = 37), positive remodeling (n = 23), <50% (n = 14), or >50% stenoses (n = 7). Distal segments presented a different atherosclerosis pattern (P < 0.0001): absence of disease (n = 73), no significant lesions (n = 8). No significant differences were found between segments proximal to MB and proximal coronary segments apart from left main trunk. Pattern of atherosclerotic lesions located in segments 6 and 7 significantly differs between patients with MB and patients without MB (P < 0.05). CT-CA is a reliable method to non-invasively demonstrate MB and related atherosclerotic pattern. CT-CA provides new insight regarding atherosclerosis distribution in segments close to MB.
|Keywords||Coronary angiography, Coronary anomalies, Coronary artery disease, Multislice computed tomography, Myocardial bridging|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10554-011-9817-2, hdl.handle.net/1765/23216|
|Journal||International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging|
la Grutta, L, Runza, G, Galia, M, Maffei, E, Lo Re, G, Grassedonio, E, … Midiri, M. (2012). Atherosclerotic pattern of coronary myocardial bridging assessed with CT coronary angiography. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 28(2), 405–414. doi:10.1007/s10554-011-9817-2