We have isolated a cDNA clone corresponding to a substantial portion of the human tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) protein. It encodes almost all of the protein B chain and part of the 3' untranslated region. We have used this clone to screen bacteriophage lambda and cosmid libraries of human genomic DNA. Several related genomic clones were isolated. One of these, a cosmid clone, carried approx. 40 kb of human DNA. Mapping experiments indicate that the region containing the protein-coding exons is approx. 20 kb in length. The cosmid, containing the t-PA gene and the aminoglycosyl-3'-phosphotransferase dominant-selection marker, was introduced into mouse L cells. Approximately half of the transformants were shown to produce human t-PA. We demonstrated that the fibrinolytic t-PA activity could be specifically quenched by anti-t-PA antibody and that the recombinant t-PA was of similar size (by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) to the t-PA produced by the human Bowes melanoma cell line. Our results suggest that the cosmid clone carries the whole t-PA coding region together with the regulatory elements necessary for its expression.

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Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam