The genome architecture in cell nuclei plays an important role in modern microscopy for the monitoring of medical diagnosis and therapy since changes of function and dynamics of genes are interlinked with changing geometrical parameters. The planning of corresponding diagnostic experiments and their imaging is a complex and often interactive IT intensive challenge and thus makes high-performance grids a necessity. To detect genetic changes we recently developed a new form of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) - COMBinatorial Oligonucleotide FISH (COMBO-FISH) - which labels small nucleotide sequences clustering at a desired genomic location. To achieve a unique hybridization spot other side clusters have to be excluded. Therefore, we have designed an interactive pipeline using the grid-based GLOBE 3D Genome Viewer and Platform to design and display different labelling variants of candidate probe sets. Thus, we have created a grid-based virtual "paper" tool for easy interactive calculation, analysis, management, and representation for COMBO-FISH probe design with many an advantage: Since all the calculations and analysis run in a grid, one can instantly and with great visual ease locate duplications of gene subsequences to guide the elimination of side clustering sequences during the probe design process, as well as get at least an impression of the 3D architectural embedding of the respective chromosome region, which is of major importance to estimate the hybridization probe dynamics. Beyond, even several people at different locations could work on the same process in a team wise manner. Consequently, we present how a complex interactive process can profit from grid infrastructure technology using our unique GLOBE 3D Genome Platform gateway towards a real interactive curative diagnosis planning and therapy monitoring.

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Keywords COMBO-FISH, Genome organization, Globe 3D Genome Platform, grid and GPU computing, interactive extreme grid visualization
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Journal Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Conference 8th HealthGrid Conference, HealthGrid 2010
Kepper, F.N, Schmitt, E, Lesnussa, M, Weiland, Y, Eussen, H.J.F.M.M, Grosveld, F.G, … Knoch, T.A. (2010). Visualization, analysis, and design of COMBO-FISH probes in the grid-based GLOBE 3D genome platform. In Studies in Health Technology and Informatics (Vol. 159, pp. 171–180). doi:10.3233/978-1-60750-583-9-171