Purpose: Folate-based radiopharmaceuticals have the potential to be used for imaging and therapy of tumours positive for the folate receptor (FR). We describe the in vitro and in vivo evaluation of a DOTA-folate conjugate. Methods: Radiolabelling of the DOTA-folate was carried out via standard procedures using111InCl3and177LuCl3, respectively. The distribution coefficient (log D) was determined in octanol/PBS (pH 7.4). Tissue distribution was investigated in nude mice bearing KB tumour xenografts at different time points after administration of111In-DOTA-folate (radiofolate 1) or177Lu-DOTA-folate (radiofolate 2) (1 MBq, 1 nmol per mouse). Pemetrexed (PMX, 400 μg) was injected 1 h prior to the radiofolate in order to reduce renal uptake. Images were acquired with a SPECT/CT camera 24 h after injection of the radiofolate (40-50 MBq, 3 nmol per mouse). Results: The hydrophilic character of the DOTA-folate was represented by a low log D value (radiofolate 1 -4.21±0.11). In vivo, maximal tumour uptake was found 4 h after injection (radiofolate 1 5.80±0.55% ID/g; radiofolate 2 7.51±1.25% ID/g). In FR-positive kidneys there was considerable accumulation of the radiofolates (radiofolate 1 55.88±3.91% ID/g; radiofolate 2 57.22±11.05% ID/g; 4 h after injection). However, renal uptake was reduced by preinjection of PMX (radiofolate 1 9.52±1.07% ID/g; radiofolate 2 13.43±0.54% ID/g; 4 h after injection) whereas the tumour uptake was retained (radiofolate 1 6.32±0.41% ID/g; radiofolate 2 8.99±0.43% ID/g; 4 h after injection). SPECT/CT images clearly confirmed favourable tissue distribution of the novel radiofolates and the positive effect of PMX. Conclusion: The preliminary requirements for the therapeutic use of the novel DOTA-folate are met by its favourable tissue distribution that can be ascribed to its hydrophilic properties and combined administration with PMX.

Additional Metadata
Keywords 177, DOTA-folate, Folate receptor, Lu, Pemetrexed, SPECT/CT
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00259-008-1058-9, hdl.handle.net/1765/24161
Journal European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Citation
Müller, C, Mindt, T.L, de Jong, M, & Schibli, R. (2009). Evaluation of a novel radiofolate in tumour-bearing mice: Promising prospects for folate-based radionuclide therapy. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 36(6), 938–946. doi:10.1007/s00259-008-1058-9