BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with adverse prognosis in cardiac patients, warranting the availability of brief and valid instruments to identify depressed patients in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether the two-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) was associated with adverse events in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients treated with paclitaxel-eluting stenting (using the continuous score and various cutoffs), overall and by gender. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive PCI patients (n = 796) seen at a university medical centre. MEASUREMENTS: PHQ-2 at baseline. The study endpoint was an adverse event, defined as a combination of death or non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) at follow-up (mean of 1.4 years). RESULTS: At follow-up, 47 patients had experienced an adverse event. Using the continuous score of the PHQ-2 and the recommended cutoff ≥3, depressive symptoms were not associated with adverse events (ps > 0.05). Using a cutoff ≥2, depressive symptoms were significantly associated with adverse events (HR: 1.89; 95% CI: 1.06-3.35) and remained significant in adjusted analysis (HR: 1.90; 95% CI: 1.05-3.44). Depressive symptoms were associated with an increased risk of adverse events in men (HR: 2.69; 95% CI: 1.36-5.32) but not in women (HR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.24-2.43); these results remained in adjusted analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Depression screening with a two-item scale and a cutoff score of ≥2 was independently associated with adverse events at follow-up. The PHQ-2 is a brief and valid measure that can easily be used post PCI to identify patients at risk for adverse health outcomes.

Depression, Mortality, PHQ-2, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Women,
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Pedersen, S.S, Denollet, J, de Jonge, P, Simsek, C, Serruys, P.W.J.C, & van Domburg, R.T. (2009). Brief depression screening with the PHQ-2 associated with prognosis following percutaneous coronary intervention with paclitaxel-eluting stenting. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 24(9), 1037–1042. doi:10.1007/s11606-009-1054-1