Objectives: We assessed the impact of vessel size on outcomes of stenting with biolimus-eluting degradable polymer stent (BES) and sirolimus-eluting permanent polymer stent (SES) within a randomized multicenter trial (LEADERS). Background: Stenting of small vessels might be associated with higher rates of adverse events. Methods: "All-comer" patients (n = 1,707) were randomized to BES and SES. Post-hoc-stratified analysis of angiographic and clinical outcomes at 9 months and 1 year, respectively, was performed for vessels with reference diameter ≤2.75 mm versus >2.75 mm. Results: Of 1,707 patients, 429 patients in the BES group with 576 lesions and 434 patients in the SES group with 557 lesions had only small vessels treated (50.6% of the patient cohort). In patients with small vessels there was no significant difference in overall major adverse cardiac events (MACE) rate (12.1% vs. 11.8%; p = 0.89) or target lesion revascularization (TLR) rate (9.6% vs. 7.4%; p = 0.26) between BES and SES. The MACE and TLR rates in the small-vessel patient population were higher than in the large-vessel population. The TLR rate was 9.6% versus 2.6%, and MACE rate was 12.1% versus 7.1% for small versus large vessels in the BES arm (TLR: hazard ratio [HR] = 3.724, p = 0.0013; MACE: HR = 1.720, p = 0.0412). In the SES arm, TLR was 7.4% versus 5.1%, and MACE was 11.8% versus 10.3% in small versus large vessels (TLR: HR = 1.435, p = 0.2594; MACE: HR = 1.149, p = 0.5546). Conclusions: Prevalence of small vessel disease is high in an "all-comer" population with higher TLR and MACE rates. The BES and SES seem equivalent in treatment outcomes of small vessels in this "all-comer" patient population.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2009.05.024, hdl.handle.net/1765/24413
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Wykrzykowska, J.J, Serruys, P.W.J.C, Onuma, Y, de Vries, T, van Es, G.A, Buszman, P, … Windecker, S.W. (2009). Impact of Vessel Size on Angiographic and Clinical Outcomes of Revascularization With Biolimus-Eluting Stent With Biodegradable Polymer and Sirolimus-Eluting Stent With Durable Polymer. The LEADERS Trial Substudy. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, 2(9), 861–870. doi:10.1016/j.jcin.2009.05.024