Childhood ischemic stroke is a rare complication of herpes simplex virus type-1 encephalitis. We describe a previously healthy 3-year-old girl who presented with bilateral occipital ischemic stroke, attributable to herpes simplex virus type-1 encephalitis, highlighting the importance of viral diagnostics in cerebrospinal fluid.

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Journal Pediatric Neurology
Sas, A.M.G, Niks, E.H, Leguin, M, Catsman-Berrevoets, C.E, & de Wit, M.C.Y. (2009). Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 Encephalitis and Occipital Ischemic Stroke. Pediatric Neurology, 41(4), 294–296. doi:10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2009.04.021