Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate two-lung high-frequency jet ventilation during esophagectomy and evaluate the influence of high-frequency jet ventilation on pulmonary complications as compared with one-lung ventilation. Design: A retrospective study. Settings: A single-center study in a university hospital. Participants: The authors analyzed the data of patients who had undergone an elective esophagectomy by transthoracic esophagectomy between January 2000 and December 2006. Intervention: The patients had undergone a cervicothoracoabdominal subtotal esophagectomy via a right-sided thoracotomy. Patients with high-frequency jet ventilation were intubated with a single-lumen endotracheal tube, and an oxygen insufflation catheter was placed inside the endotracheal tube and connected to a high-frequency jet ventilator. Measurements and Main Results: Eighty-seven patients were enrolled, 30 with high-frequency jet ventilation and 57 with 1-lung ventilation. Both groups were adequately oxygenated, but patients in the one-lung ventilation group had a higher PaCO2(42.75 ± 7.5 mm Hg) compared with that for the high-frequency jet ventilation group (35.25 ± 8.25 mm Hg) (p < 0.05). There were no differences in postoperative respiratory complications between the 2 groups. Mean blood loss was significantly lower for patients in the high-frequency jet ventilation group (1,243 ± 787 mL). Conclusions: High-frequency jet ventilation to 2 lungs, using a single-lumen tube, is a safe and adequate ventilation technique for use during esophagectomy. High-frequency jet ventilation had no influence on the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications but reduced perioperative blood loss and led to a decreased need for fluid replacement.

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doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2008.12.025, hdl.handle.net/1765/24602
Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Buise, M.P, van Bommel, J, van Genderen, M.E, Tilanus, H.W, van Zundert, A, & Gommers, D.A.M.P.J. (2009). Two-Lung High-Frequency Jet Ventilation as an Alternative Ventilation Technique During Transthoracic Esophagectomy. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, 23(4), 509–512. doi:10.1053/j.jvca.2008.12.025