The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and efficacy of an exercise training program to improve exercise capacity and fatigue level in pediatric patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Twenty children on dialysis intended to perform a 12-week graded community-based exercise program. Exercise capacity and fatigue level were studied; muscle force and health-related quality of life were secondary outcomes. All outcomes were measured at baseline (T = 0) and after intervention (T = 1). Fourteen of the 20 patients (70%) either did not start the program or did not complete the program. Of these patients, seven did not complete or even start the exercise program because of a combination of lack of time and motivational problems. Six patients were not able to continue the program or were unable to do the follow-up measurements because of medical problems. Exercise capacity and muscle strength was higher after the exercise program in the children who completed the training. In conclusion, exercise training is difficult to perform in children with ESRD and is not always feasible in real-life situations for many children with ESRD.

Chronic kidney failure, Exercise capacity, Exercise therapy, Health-related quality of life, Muscle strength, Oxygen consumption, Rehabilitation,
Pediatric Nephrology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van Bergen, M, Takken, T, Engelbert, R.H.H, Groothoff, J, Nauta, J, van Hoeck, J, … Lilien, M. (2009). Exercise training in pediatric patients with end-stage renal disease. Pediatric Nephrology, 24(3), 619–622. doi:10.1007/s00467-008-1015-7