We recently demonstrated that interferon (IFN)-β has a more potent antitumor activity than IFN-α in BON cells, a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) cell line. The present study showed the role of type I IFNs in the modulation of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system in NETs. BON cells expressed IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF-I receptor, and insulin receptor mRNA. In addition, IGF-I and IGF-II stimulated the proliferation of BON cells and induced an inhibition of DNA fragmentation (apoptosis). As evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR, treatment with IFN-α (100 IU/ml) or IFN-β (100 IU/ml) inhibited the expression of IGF-II mRNA (-42% and -65%, respectively, both P < 0.001), whereas IGF-I receptor mRNA was significantly upregulated by IFN-α (+28%, P < 0.001) and downregulated by IFN-β (-47%, P < 0.001). Immunoreactive IGF-II concentration decreased in the conditioned medium during IFN-α (-16%, P < 0.05) and IFN-β (-69%, P < 0.001) treatment. Additionally, IGF-I receptor bioactivity was reduced (-54%) after IFN-β treatment. Scatchard analysis of125I-labeled IGF-I binding to cell membrane of BON cells revealed a dramatic suppression of maximum binding capacity only in the presence of IFN-β. Finally, the proapoptotic activity of IFN-β was partially counteracted by the coadministration of IGF-I and IGF-II (both at 50 nM). In conclusion, these data demonstrate that the IGF system has an important role in autocrine/paracrine growth of BON cells. The more potent antitumor activity of IFN-β compared with IFN-α could be explained by several effects on this system: 1) both IFNs inhibit the transcription of IGF-II, but the suppression is significantly higher after IFN-β than IFN-α and 2) only IFN-β inhibits the expression of IGF-I receptor. Copyright

Insulin-like growth factor-I receptor, Insulin-like growth factor-II, Neuroendocrine tumors, Type I interferons
dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.90770.2008, hdl.handle.net/1765/25255
American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Vitale, G, van Koetsveld, P.M, de Herder, W.W, van der Wansem, K, Janssen, J.A.M.J.L, Colao, A, … Hofland, L.J. (2009). Effects of type I interferons on IGF-mediated autocrine/paracrine growth of human neuroendocrine tumor cells. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, 296(3). doi:10.1152/ajpendo.90770.2008