It is well known that the Basel II Accord requires banks and other Authorized Deposit-taking Institutions (ADIs) to communicate their daily risk forecasts to the appropriate monetary authorities at the beginning of each trading day, using one or more risk models, whether individually or as combinations, to measure Value-at-Risk (VaR). The risk estimates of these models are used to determine capital requirements and associated capital costs of ADIs, depending in part on the number of previous violations, whereby realised losses exceed the estimated VaR. McAleer et al. (2009) proposed a new approach to model selection for predicting VaR, consisting of combining alternative risk models, and comparing conservative and aggressive strategies for choosing between VaR models. This paper addresses the question of risk management of risk, namely VaR of VIX futures prices, and extends the approaches given in McAleer et al. (2009) and Chang et al. (2011) to examine how different risk management strategies performed during the 2008-09 global financial crisis (GFC). The empirical results suggest that an aggressive strategy of choosing the Supremum of single model forecasts, as compared with Bayesian and non-Bayesian combinations of models, is preferred to other alternatives, and is robust during the GFC. However, this strategy implies relatively high numbers of violations and accumulated losses, which are admissible under the Basel II Accord.

Basel Accord, Bayesian stragey, Median strategy, VIX futures, aggressive risk management, conservative risk management, daily capital charges, forecast densities, quantiles, value-at-risk, violation penalties
Bayesian Analysis (jel C11), Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions (jel C22), Forecasting and Other Model Applications (jel C53), Financing Policy; Capital and Ownership Structure (jel G32)
Erasmus School of Economics
Econometric Institute Research Papers
Erasmus School of Economics

Casarin, R, Chang, C-L, Jiménez-Martín, J.A, McAleer, M.J, & Pérez-Amaral, T. (2011). Risk Management of Risk Under the Basel Accord: A Bayesian Approach to Forecasting Value-at-Risk of VIX Futures (No. EI2011-29). Econometric Institute Research Papers. Erasmus School of Economics. Retrieved from