This article analyzes the process of knowledge co-production between experts, bureaucrats and stakeholders in two Dutch water management projects. The methods used for coproduction are analyzed, along with the impact of the resulting knowledge on the decision-making process. Based on the cases, it is concluded that knowledge co-production between experts and bureaucrats is not very problematic, because of discipline congruence and institutionalized relations between the two in Dutch water management. Knowledge co-production between stakeholders on the one hand and experts and bureaucrats on the other is more problematic and leads to problems of legitimacy in knowledge production and decision-making.

Coproduced knowledge, Knowledge coproduction, Network governance, Participation
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2011.04.004, hdl.handle.net/1765/26621
Environmental Science & Policy
Law, Culture & Society

Edelenbos, J, van Buuren, M.W, & van Schie, N. (2011). Co-producing knowledge: Joint knowledge production between experts, bureaucrats and stakeholders in Dutch water management projects. Environmental Science & Policy, 14(6), 675–684. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2011.04.004