Two of the most striking properties of the cerebellum are its control in timing of motor operations and its ability to adapt behavior to new sensorimotor associations. Here, we propose a 'time-window matching' hypothesis for granular layer processing. Our hypothesis states that mossy fiber inputs to the granular layer are transformed into well-timed spike bursts by intrinsic granule cell processing, that feedforward Golgi cell inhibition sets a limit to the duration of such bursts and that these activities are spread over particular fields in the granular layer so as to generate ongoing time-windows for proper control of interacting motor domains. The role of synaptic plasticity would be that of fine-tuning pre-wired circuits favoring activation of specific granule cell groups in relation to particular time windows. This concept has wide implications for processing in the olivo-cerebellar system as a whole.