Purpose. This study was undertaken to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography coronary angiography (CT-CA) for the detection of significant coronary artery stenosis (≥50% lumen reduction) compared with conventional coronary angiography (CCA) in a registry and to review major multicentre trials. Materials and methods. A total of 1,372 patients (882 men, 490 women; mean age 59.3±11.9 years) in sinus rhythm were studied with CT-CA (64-slice technology) and CCA. The diagnostic accuracy of CT-CA was evaluated against quantitative CCA as a reference standard for coronary artery stenosis. Positive and negative likelihood ratios and inter-and intraobserver agreement were calculated. Results. The prevalence of disease was 53%. CCA demonstrated the absence of significant coronary artery disease in 46.6% (639/1372), single-vessel disease in 24.7% (337/1372) and multivessel disease in 28.9% (396/1372) of patients. In per-patient analysis sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive value of CT-CA were 99% [confidence interval (CI) 97-99], 92% (CI 89-94), 94% (CI 91-95) and 99% (CI 97-99), respectively. Per-patient and per-segment likelihood ratios (LR+=12.4 and LR-=0.011; LR+=18.3 and LR-=0.064, respectively), were good. Inter-and intraobserver variability was 0.78 and 0.85, respectively. Conclusions. CT-CA is a reliable diagnostic modality both in terms of sensitivity and negative predictive value. Differences in trial results are also due to the different parameters used for patient inclusion.

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doi.org/10.1007/s11547-009-0492-5, hdl.handle.net/1765/27367
La Radiologia Medica
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Maffei, E., Palumbo, A., Martini, C., Meijboom, W. B., Tedeschi, C., Spagnolo, P., … Cademartiri, F. (2010). Diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography in a large population of patients without revascularisation: Registry data and review of multicentre trials. La Radiologia Medica, 115(3), 368–384. doi:10.1007/s11547-009-0492-5