A systematic review of prospective studies on attention problems and academic achievement: Review
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica , Volume 122 - Issue 4 p. 271- 284
Objective: Our aim was to provide an overview of prospective studies that have addressed the association between attention problems (AP, i.e. symptoms of hyperactivity and inattentiveness) and academic achievement (AA). Method: We conducted a systematic search in the literature. Normal population studies and clinical studies were included. The methodological quality of each study was evaluated by objective criteria. A best evidence synthesis was used to determine the strengths of the association. Results: Sixteen studies were included. We found convincing evidence for a negative association between AP and AA. After controlling for intelligence, comorbidity, and socioeconomic status (SES), the association between the hyperactive symptoms of AP and AA was non-significant in two studies. Conclusion: Children with AP are at risk for lower AA and subsequent adverse outcomes later in life. Interventions in affected children should focus on their behavioural and educational development.
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|Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica|
|Organisation||Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam|
Polderman, T.J.C, Boomsma, D.I, Bartels, M, Verhulst, F.C, & Huizink, A.C. (2010). A systematic review of prospective studies on attention problems and academic achievement: Review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica (Vol. 122, pp. 271–284). doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.2010.01568.x