During exercise, β-feedforward coronary vasodilation has been shown to contribute to the matching of myocardial oxygen supply with the demand of the myocardium. Since both β1- and β2-adrenoceptors are present in the coronary microvasculature, we investigated the relative contribution of these subtypes to β-feedforward coronary vasodilation during exercise as well as to infusion of the β1-agonist norepinephrine and the β1- and β2-agonist isoproterenol. Chronically instrumented swine were studied at rest and during graded treadmill exercise (1-5 km/h) under control conditions and after β1-blockade with metoprolol (0.5 mg/kg iv) and β1/β2-blockade with propranolol (0.5 mg/kg iv). The selectivity and degree of β-blockade of metoprolol and propranolol were confirmed using isoproterenol infusion (0.05-0.4 μg· kg-1·min-1) under resting conditions. Isoproterenol-induced coronary vasodilation was mediated through the β2-adrenoceptor, whereas norepinephrine-induced coronary vasodilation was principally mediated through the β1- adrenoceptor. Exercise resulted in a significant increase in left ventricular norepinephrine release and epinephrine uptake. β1-Adrenoceptor blockade with metoprolol had very little effect under resting conditions. However, during exercise, metoprolol attenuated the increase in myocardial oxygen supply in excess of the reduction in myocardial oxygen demand, as evidenced by a progressive decrease in coronary venous PO2. Consequently, metoprolol caused a clockwise rotation of the relationship between myocardial oxygen consumption and coronary venous PO2. Additional β2-adrenoceptor blockade with propranolol further inhibited myocardial oxygen supply during exercise, resulting in a further clockwise rotation of the relationship between myocardial oxygen consumption and coronary venous PO2. In conclusion, both β1- and β2-adrenoceptors contribute to the β-feedforward coronary resistance vessel dilation during exercise. Copyright

Coronary circulation, Swine
dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00135.2009, hdl.handle.net/1765/27969
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Free full text at PubMed
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Gao, F, de Beer, V.J, Hoekstra, M, Xiao, C, Duncker, D.J.G.M, & Merkus, D. (2010). Both β1- and β2-adrenoceptors contribute to feedforward coronary resistance vessel dilation during exercise. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 298(3). doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00135.2009