Background: Population-based screening for prostate cancer (PCa) remains controversial. To help men making informed decisions about prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening a risk indicator ( was developed. This risk indicator is embedded in a leaflet that informs men about the pros and cons of PCa screening and enables calculation of the individual risk of having a biopsy detectable PCa. Aim: To assess the effect of providing a leaflet including individualized risk estimation on informed decision making of men, i.e. knowledge about PCa and PSA screening, attitude towards undergoing a PSA test and intention to have a PSA test. Methods: An intervention study among 2000 men, aged 55-65 years, randomly selected from the population registry of the city of Dordrecht, the Netherlands, in 2008. Men were sent a questionnaire on knowledge of PCa, attitude and intention to have a PSA test. Men without a history of (screening for) PCa were sent the leaflet and Questionnaire 2 within 2 weeks after returning Questionnaire 1. Validated health and anxiety measures were used. Results: One thousand and twenty seven of 2000 men completed Questionnaire 1 (51%), of whom 298 were excluded due to a history of (screening for) PCa. Of the 729 remaining men, 601 completed Questionnaire 2 as well. At the second assessment significantly more men met the requirements of informed decision making (15% versus 33%, p < 0.001), more men had relevant knowledge (284/601, 50% versus 420/601, 77%, p < 0.001) and the intention to have a PSA test had increased (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Providing information on PCa screening combined with individualized risk estimation enhanced informed decision making and may be used for shared decision making on PSA screening of physicians and patients.

Informed choice, Informed decision making, PSA test, Prostate Risk Indicator, Prostate cancer, Screening,
European Journal of Cancer
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van Vugt, H.A, Roobol-Bouts, M.J, Venderbos, L.D.F, Joosten-van Zwanenburg, E, Essink-Bot, M.L.E, Steyerberg, E.W, … Korfage, I.J. (2010). Informed decision making on PSA testing for the detection of prostate cancer: An evaluation of a leaflet with risk indicator. European Journal of Cancer, 46(3), 669–677. doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2009.11.022