This article is concerned with the role of so-called encapsulated knowledge and biomedical knowledge in the process of diagnosing clinical cases within and outside the medical specialist’s domain of expertise. Based on the theory of knowledge encapsulation, we predicted that subexperts (i.e., medical specialists diagnosing a clinical case outside their specialty) could not diagnose a clinical case in an encapsulated mode, and therefore they would relapse into an elaborate biomedical processing approach,
Cognition and Instruction
Department of Psychology

Rikers, R., Schmidt, H., & Boshuizen, H. (2002). On the constraints of encapsulated knowledge: Clinical case representations by medical experts and subexperts. Cognition and Instruction, 20(1), 27–45. doi:10.1207/S1532690XCI2001_2