A six-factor model of computer anxiety was tested in two samples of university students. The dimensions involved were: computer literacy, self-efficacy, physical arousal caused by computers, affective feelings about them, beliefs about the beneficial effects of computers, and beliefs about their dehumanizing aspects. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that, compared to a number of alternative models proposed in the literature, the data fitted this six-factor model relatively well. In addition, it was demonstrated that computer literacy has a strong directional influence on both physical arousal and affects. Beliefs about computers, in turn, were shown to be dependent on affects and physical arousal. Self-efficacy mainly contributed to increased computer literacy. These findings suggest that training programs that enhance self-efficacy and computer literacy may in principle reduce computer anxiety.

Computer anxiety, Computer literacy, Structural equations model
dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0747-5632(00)00036-4, hdl.handle.net/1765/2859
Computers in Human Behavior
Department of Psychology

Beckers, J.J, & Schmidt, H.G. (2001). The structure of computer anxiety: a six-factor model. Computers in Human Behavior, 17(1), 35–49. doi:10.1016/S0747-5632(00)00036-4