The present study investigated the role of various protective and vulnerability factors in the development of depressive symptoms. A sample of normal adolescents (N=373) completed the Children’s Depression Inventory and measures of a negative attributional style, parental rearing behaviour, coping styles, and perceived self-efficacy. In addition to computing the correlations between depression and these protective and vulnerability factors, the present data were also subjected to structural equations modelling to examine the correlational structure of the data. Depression was accompanied by high levels of parental rejection, negative attributions, and passive coping, and by low levels of active coping and self-efficacy. Furthermore, a model in which negative parental rearing behaviour and a negative attributional style featured as the primary sources of depression, while coping styles and self-efficacy played a mediating role in the formation of depressive symptoms, provided a reasonable fit for the data.

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Behaviour Research and Therapy
Department of Psychology

Muris, P.E.H.M, Schmidt, H.G, Lambrichs, R, & Meesters, C.M.G. (2001). Protective and vulnerability factors of depression in normal adolescents. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39(5), 555–565. doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(00)00026-7