Purpose: The aim of this retrospective study is to describe characteristics of the first year of infantile short bowel syndrome (SBS), with regard to nutritional correlates and growth. Differences in outcome between decade 1980 (1980 to 1990) and decade 1990 (1990 to 2000) were studied. Methods: Children with infantile SBS, who had been admitted in their first year of life between January 1975 and January 2002, were included. Patient characteristics, duration of parenteral nutrition (PN), type of enteral nutrition, and every quarterly term weight and height for age were collected. Data of decade 1980 and decade 1990 were compared, using appropriate statistical analysis. Results: Twenty-eight patients were identified for decade 1980 vs 62 patients in decade 1990. Length of stay was significantly shorter in decade 1990 (116 vs 182 days; P = .018). Residual bowel length was not significantly longer in the latter decade (74 cm vs 60 cm; not significant [ns]). Mean weight for age (SD score [SDS]) in the first year of SBS in decade 1980 was significantly lower than in decade 1990 (0.9 SDS; P = .035). Conclusions: Improved care of patients with SBS and the slightly longer residual bowel length (ns) in decade 1990 resulted in shorter length of stay, shorter duration of PN, and significantly higher SDS for weight for age compared with decade 1980.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Growth, Infant, Outcomes, Parenteral nutrition, Short bowel syndrome
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2008.04.017, hdl.handle.net/1765/28756
Journal Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Citation
Olieman, J.F, Tibboel, D, & Penning, C. (2008). Growth and nutritional aspects of infantile short bowel syndrome for the past 2 decades. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 43(11), 2061–2069. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2008.04.017