Background: Long-term clinical outcome of complete arterial grafting in three-vessel disease is unknown. Methods: We studied 344 patients who underwent complete arterial revascularization using the internal thoracic arteries and the right gastroepiploic artery. Freedom from major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and homogeneity of outcome in strata of patients was assessed using Cox proportional hazards modeling. Results: Median follow-up of survivors was 9.3 years (range, 0.01 to 12.8 years). The 12-year freedom from MACE was 75.5%. For the composite of MACE, this was 86.9% for cardiovascular death, 93.3% for myocardial infarction, and 89.4% for reintervention. In patients aged older than 65 years, MACE occurred significantly more frequent, with a freedom from MACE of 65.8% compared with 82.6% in younger patients (hazard ratio, 3.4; 95% confidence interval, 2.1 to 5.6, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Complete arterial revascularization using both pedicled internal thoracic arteries and the gastroepiploic artery in patients with three-vessel disease resulted in an excellent long-term clinical outcome, especially in patients aged younger than 65 years.,
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Veeger, N.J.G.M, Panday, G.F, Voors, A.A, Grandjean, J.G, van der Meer, J, & Boonstra, P.W. (2008). Excellent Long-Term Clinical Outcome After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Using Three Pedicled Arterial Grafts in Patients With Three-Vessel Disease. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 85(2), 508–512. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2007.09.048