Background: A fully bioabsorbable drug-eluting coronary stent that scaffolds the vessel wall when needed and then disappears once the acute recoil and constrictive remodelling processes have subsided has theoretical advantages. The bioasorbable everolimus-eluting stent (BVS) has a backbone of poly-L-lactic acid that provides the support and a coating of poly-D,L-lactic acid that contains and controls the release of the antiproliferative agent everolimus. We assessed the feasibility and safety of this BVS stent. Methods: In this prospective, open-label study we enrolled 30 patients who had either stable, unstable, or silent ischaemia and a single de-novo lesion that was suitable for treatment with a single 3·0×12 mm or 3·0×18 mm stent. Patients were enrolled from four academic hospitals in Auckland, Rotterdam, Krakow, and Skejby. The composite endpoint was cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and ischaemia-driven target lesion revascularisation. Angiographic endpoints were available for 26 patients and intravascular-ultrasound endpoints for 24 patients. Clinical endpoints were assessed in all 30 patients at 6 and 12 months. In a subset of 13 patients, optical coherence tomography was undertaken at baseline and follow-up. Analysis was by intention to treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00300131. Findings: Procedural success was 100% (30/30 patients), and device success 94% (29/31 attempts at implantation of the stent). At 1 year, the rate of major adverse cardiac events was 3·3%, with only one patient having a non-Q wave myocardial infarction and no target lesion revascularisations. No late stent thromboses were recorded. At 6-month follow-up, the angiographic in-stent late loss was 0·44 (0·35) mm and was mainly due to a mild reduction of the stent area (-11·8%) as measured by intravascular ultrasound. The neointimal area was small (0·30 [SD 0·44] mm2), with a minimal area obstruction of 5·5%. Interpretation: This study shows the feasibility of implantation of the bioabsorbable everolimus-eluting stent, with an acceptable in-stent late loss, minimal intrastent neointimal hyperplasia, and a low stent area obstruction. Funding: Abbott Vascular.

dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60415-8, hdl.handle.net/1765/29438
The Lancet
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Ormiston, J.A, Serruys, P.W.J.C, Regar, E.S, Dudek, D, Thuesen, L, Webster, M.W.I, … Veldhof, S. (2008). A bioabsorbable everolimus-eluting coronary stent system for patients with single de-novo coronary artery lesions (ABSORB): a prospective open-label trial. The Lancet, 371(9616), 899–907. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60415-8