We compared the effect of a group-based 12-week supervised exercise programme, i.e. aerobic and resistance exercise, and group sports, with that of the same programme combined with cognitive-behavioural training on physical fitness and activity of cancer survivors. One hundred and forty seven cancer survivors (all cancer types, medical treatment ≥3 months ago) were randomly assigned to physical training (PT, n=71) or PT plus cognitive-behavioural training (PT+CBT, n=76). Maximal aerobic capacity, muscle strength and physical activity were assessed at baseline and post-intervention. Analyses using multilevel linear mixed-effects models showed that cancer survivors' physical fitness increased significantly in PT and PT+CBT from baseline to post-intervention. Changes did not differ between PT and PT+CBT. Physical fitness of cancer survivors was improved following an intensive physical training programme. Adding a structured cognitive-behavioural intervention did not enhance the effect.

dx.doi.org/10.1080/02841860701666063, hdl.handle.net/1765/29485
Acta Oncologica
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

May, A.M, van Weert, E, Korstjens, I, Hoekstra-Weebers, J.E.H.M, van der Schans, C.P, Zonderland, M.L, … Ros, W.J.G. (2008). Improved physical fitness of cancer survivors: A randomised controlled trial comparing physical training with physical and cognitive-behavioural training. Acta Oncologica, 47(5), 825–834. doi:10.1080/02841860701666063