Renal oxygen consumption (V̇O2,ren) is an important parameter that has been shown to be influenced by various pathophysiological circumstances. VV̇O2,renhas to be repeatedly measured during an experiment to gain insight in the dynamics of (dys)regulation of oxygen metabolism. In small animals, the classical approach of blood gas analysis of arterial and venous blood samples is only limitedly applicable due to fragile vessels and a low circulating blood volume. We present a phosphorescence lifetime technique that allows nearcontinuous measurement of renal venous PO2(vPO2) and VV̇O2,renin rats. The technique does not rely on penetration of the blood vessel, but uses a small reflection probe. This probe is placed in close proximity to the renal vein for detection of the oxygen-dependent phosphorescence of the injected water-soluble near-infrared phosphor Oxyphor G2. The technique was calibrated in vitro and the calibration constants were validated in vivo in anesthetized and mechanically ventilated male Wistar rats. The hemoglobin saturation curve and its pH dependency were determined for calculation of renal venous oxygen content. The phosphorescence technique was in good agreement with blood gas analysis of renal venous blood samples, for both PO2and hemoglobin saturation. To demonstrate its feasibility in practice, the technique was used in four rats during endotoxin infusion (10 mg·kg-1·h-1during 1 h). Renal vPO2reduced by 40% upon reduction in oxygen delivery to 30% of baseline, but V̇O2remained unchanged. This study documents the feasibility of near-continuous, nondestructive measurement of renal vPO2and V̇O2by oxygen-dependent quenching of phosphorescence. Copyright

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American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Mik, E., Johannes, T., & Ince, C. (2008). Monitoring of renal venous PO2 and kidney oxygen consumption in rats by a near-infrared phosphorescence lifetime technique. American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology, 294(3). doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00569.2007