Texture classification in lung CT using local binary patterns
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) , Volume 5241 LNCS - Issue PART 1 p. 934- 941
In this paper we propose to use local binary patterns (LBP) as features in a classification framework for classifying different texture patterns in lung computed tomography. Image intensity is included by means of the joint LBP and intensity histogram, and classification is performed using the k nearest neighbor classifier with histogram similarity as distance measure. The proposed method is evaluated on a set of 168 regions of interest comprising normal tissue and different emphysema patterns, and compared to a filter bank based on Gaussian derivatives. The joint LBP and intensity histogram, achieving a classification accuracy of 95.2%, shows superior performance to using the common approach of taking moments of the filter response histograms as features, and slightly better performance than using the full filter response histograms instead. Classification results are better than some of those previously reported in the literature.