The long-term follow-up of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is often accompanied by complications. Frequently occurring are arthrosis, arthrofibrosis of the subtalar joint, and malunion. Uncommon is the calcaneal nonunion. A total of three cases is presented in this report, including a review of the literature. The occurrence of a nonunion appears to be more common after conservative treatment, but the pathophysiology remains unclear, however smoking may play a role.

Calcaneus, Fracture, Nonunion, Pseudarthrosis
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-007-0516-3, hdl.handle.net/1765/29990
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Schepers, T, & Patka, P. (2008). Calcaneal nonunion: Three cases and a review of the literature. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, 128(7), 735–738. doi:10.1007/s00402-007-0516-3