Objective: A decline in systolic blood pressure during exercise is thought to be a sign of severe coronary artery disease. However, no studies have yet examined this effect in patients with known or suspected peripheral arterial disease. Therefore, we investigated the prognostic value of hypotensive blood pressure response after single-stage exercise test on long-term mortality, major adverse cerebrovascular and cardiac events (MACCE) and the effects of statin, β-blocker and aspirin use in patients with known or suspected peripheral arterial disease. Methods: A total of 2022 patients were enroled in an observational study with a mean follow-up of 5 years. Hypotensive blood pressure response, 4.6% of the total population, was defined as a drop in exercise systolic blood pressure below resting systolic blood pressure. Results: Our study showed that hypotensive blood pressure response was associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR): 1.74, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-2.73] and MACCE (HR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.14-3.00), independent of other clinical variables. Additionally, after adjustments for clinical risk factors and propensity score, baseline statin use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality (HR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.44-0.80). Besides, statin and aspirin use were both also associated with a reduced risk of MACCE (HR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.47-0.89 and HR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.53-0.88, respectively). Conclusion: Hypotensive blood pressure response after single-stage treadmill exercise tests in patients with known or suspected peripheral arterial disease was associated with a higher risk for all-cause long-term mortality and MACCE, which might be reduced by statin and aspirin use.

Aspirin, Blood pressure, Hypotension, Major adverse cerebrovascular and cardiac events, Mortality, Peripheral arterial disease, Statin, β-blocker
dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCA.0b013e328316e9ed, hdl.handle.net/1765/30016
Coronary Artery Disease
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

de Liefde, I.I, Hoeks, S.E, van Gestel, Y.R.B.M, Klein, J, Verhagen, H.J.M, van Domburg, R.T, & Poldermans, D. (2008). Prognostic value of hypotensive blood pressure response during single-stage exercise test on long-term outcome in patients with known or suspected peripheral arterial disease. Coronary Artery Disease, 19(8), 603–607. doi:10.1097/MCA.0b013e328316e9ed