On-line gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-C-IRMS) is commonly used to measure isotopic ratios at natural abundance as well as for tracer studies in nutritional and medical research. However, high-precision13C isotopic enrichment can also be measured by liquid chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (LC-IRMS). Indeed, LC-IRMS can be used, as shown by the new method reported here, to obtain a baseline separation and to measure13C isotopic enrichment of underivatised amino acids (Asp, Thr-Ser, Glu, Pro, Gly, Ala, Cys and Val). In case of Val, at natural abundance, the SD(δ13C) reported with this method was found to be below 1‰. Another key feature of the new LC-IRMS method reported in this paper is the comparison of the LC-IRMS approach with the conventional GC-C-IRMS determination. To perform this comparative study, isotopic enrichments were measured from underivatised Val and its N(O, S)-ethoxycarbonyl ethyl ester derivative. Between 0.0 and 1.0 molar percent excess (MPE) (δ13C = -12.3 to 150.8‰), the calculated root-mean-square (rms) of SD was 0.38 and 0.46‰ and the calculated rms of accuracy was 0.023 and 0.005 MPE, respectively, for GC-C-IRMS and LC-IRMS. Both systems measured accurately low isotopic enrichments (0.002 atom percent excess (APE)) with an SD (APE) of 0.0004. To correlate the relative (δ13C) and absolute (atom%, APE and MPE) isotopic enrichment of Val measured by the GC-C-IRMS and LC-IRMS devices, mathematical equations showing the slope and intercept of the curves were established and validated with experimental data between 0.0 to 2.3 MPE. Finally, both GC-C-IRMS and LC-IRMS instruments were also used to assess isotopic enrichment of protein-bound13C-Val in tibial epiphysis in a tracer study performed in rats. Isotopic enrichments measured by LC-IRMS and GC-C-IRMS were not statistically different (p > 0.05). The results of this work indicate that the LC-IRMS was successful for high-precision13C isotopic measurements in tracer studies giving13C isotopic enrichment similar to the GC-C-IRMS but without the step of GC derivatisation. Therefore, for clinical studies requiring high-precision isotopic measurement, the LC-IRMS is the method of choice to measure the isotopic ratio. Copyright

13, Amino acids, C-valine, GC-C-IRMS, Isotope ratio monitoring and bone, LC-IRMS
dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1406, hdl.handle.net/1765/30075
Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Godin, J.P, Breuillé, D, Obled, C, Papet, I, Schierbeek, H, Hopfgartner, G, & Fay, L.B. (2008). Liquid and gas chromatography coupled to isotope ratio mass spectrometry for the determination of 13C-valine isotopic ratios in complex biological samples. Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 43(10), 1334–1343. doi:10.1002/jms.1406