Uptake of genetic counselling and predictive DNA testing in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
European Journal of Human Genetics , Volume 16 - Issue 10 p. 1201- 1207
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a common autosomal dominant disease, associated with heart failure and arrhythmias predisposing to sudden cardiac death. After the detection of the causal mutation in the proband predictive DNA testing of relatives is possible (cascade screening). Prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with a high risk by means of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator is effective. In 97 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy families with a sarcomere gene mutation we retrospectively determined uptake of genetic counselling and predictive DNA testing in relatives within 1 year after the detection of the causal mutation in the proband. Uptake of genetic counselling was 39% and did not differ significantly by proband's or relative's gender, nor by young age of the relative (<18 years) or a family history positive for sudden cardiac death. In second-degree relatives, eligible for predictive DNA testing when the first-degree relative had died, uptake was 27.5% (P=0.047). Uptake of predictive genetic testing was 39%; conditional uptake of predictive genetic testing was 99%. Uptake of genetic counselling in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is comparable to uptake in oncogenetics. Conditional uptake of predictive DNA testing, however, is much higher. Because sudden cardiac death can be prevented uptake of genetic counselling in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy should be as high as possible. To achieve this research into the determinants of uptake is needed.