Purpose: To evaluate the extent, charscteristics and determinants of adverse drug reaction (ADR)-related hospitalisations on a population-based level in 2003. Methods: We performed a cohort study in the Integrated Primary Care Information (IPCI) database, a general practitioners (GPs) research database with longitudinal data from electronic patient records of a group of 150 GP throughout the Netherlands. Hospital discharge letters and patient records were reviewed to evaluate ADR-related hospitalisations applying WHO causality criteria. The prevalence of ADR-related hospitalisations per total admissions and the incidence per drug group were calculated. Avoidability and seriousness of the ADRs causing admission were assessed applying the algorithm from Hallas. Results: We identified 3515 hospital admissions, 1277 elective and 2238 acute. Of the acute admissions, 115 were caused by an ADR giving a prevalence of 5.1% (95% confidence intervals (Cl): 4.3-6.1%). The prevalence of ADR-related acute admissions increased with age up to 9.8% (95%CI: 7.5-12.7) for persons >75 years. The ADRs that most frequently caused hospitalisations were gastro-intestinal bleeding with anti-thrombotics, bradycardia/hypotension with cardiovascular drugs and neutropenic fever with cytostatics. The incidence rate of ADR-related hospitalisations per drug group was highest for anti-thrombotics and anti-infectives and was relatively low for cardiovascular drugs. Fatality as a direct consequence of the ADR-related admission was 0.31 %. In elderly patients 40% of the ADRs causing hospitallisation werejudged to be avoidable. Conclusions: The extent and potential avoidability of ADR-related hospitalisations is still substantial, especially in elderly patients. Measures need to be put into place to reduce the burden of ADRs. Copyright

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doi.org/10.1002/pds.1565, hdl.handle.net/1765/30121
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety: an international journal
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van der Hooft, C., Dieleman, J., Siemes, C., Aarnoudse, A.-J., Verhamme, K., Strieker, B., & Sturkenboom, M. (2008). Adverse drug reaction-related hospitalisations: A population-based cohort study. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety: an international journal, 17(4), 365–371. doi:10.1002/pds.1565