Background: Noncompaction cardiomyopathy (NCCM) is a recently recognized disorder frequently associated with systolic and diastolic heart failures. This study was designed to examine aortic stiffness in NCCM patients and to compare these results to age- and gender-matched controls. Methods: A total of 20 patients with typical echocardiographic features of NCCM (age 38 ± 16 years, eight males) were investigated. Their results were compared to 20 age- and gender-matched controls. All subjects underwent a complete two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic examination. Systolic (SD) and diastolic (DD) ascending aortic diameters were recorded in M-mode at a level of 3 cm above the aortic valve from a parasternal long-axis view. Aortic stiffness index (β) was calculated as a characteristic of aortic elasticity, as ln(SBP/DBP)/[(SD - DD)/DD], where SBP and DBP are the systolic and diastolic blood pressures, respectively, and ln is the natural logarithm. Results: The number of noncompacted segments in the NCCM patients was 4.6 ± 2.0. NCCM patients had significantly increased left ventricular dimensions and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Compared to controls, aortic stiffness index (β) was significantly increased in NCCM patients (8.3 ± 5.2 vs. 3.5 ± 1.1, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Increased aortic stiffness can be observed in patients with NCCM with moderate to severe heart failure. These alterations may be due to neurohormonal changes in heart failure.

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International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Nemes, A., Caliskan, K., Geleijnse, M., Soliman, O. I. I., Anwar, A., & ten Cate, F. (2008). Alterations in aortic elasticity in noncompaction cardiomyopathy. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 24(1), 7–13. doi:10.1007/s10554-007-9213-0