Chronic hepatitis C infection is a major health problem and a leading cause of chronic liver disease. The hepatitis C virus was discovered in 1989 (1, 2). The virus is a small, enveloped, single-stranded, positive sense RNA virus and is a member of the hepacivirus genus in the family Flaviridae (3). Six major genotypes have been identified with several subtypes within each genotype (4). Viral replication occurs predominantly within hepatocytes in the liver but there is some evidence that it might also replicate outside the liver, in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, in lymphoid cells and in neurons (5, 6). Chronic hepatitis C infection can cause cirrhosis, digestive hemorrhage, liver failure and liver cancer.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Hepatitis C, immune response, liver diseases
Promotor H.L.A. Janssen (Harry)
Publisher Erasmus University Rotterdam
Sponsor Financial support for design and printing was kindly given by the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology of the Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Nederlandse Vereniging voor Hepatologie, PRA International, Gilead, MSD, Janssen-Cilag, Roche, Zambon, Ferring, Vifor, Tramedico, Abbott, Glaxosmithkline and studio Tineke Wieringa
ISBN 978-90-818186-0-5
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/30550
Citation
Bergmann, J.F. (2011, November 23). Evolving drug therapies for chronic hepatitis C: Immunomodulation and beyond. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/30550