In the present study we investigated whether the mental representation of the concept categories is represented by the container image schema (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980). In two experiments participants decided whether two pictures were from the same category (animal or vehicle). Pictures were presented inside or outside a frame that should activate the container schema. We found that performance to pictures was influenced by the frame in congruence with the metaphorical mapping (same category - inside bounded region; different category - not in same bounded region). These results show that the concept categories is metaphorically represented by containers.

Abstract concepts, Conceptual metaphor, Grounded cognition, Image schema,
Experimental Psychology
Department of Psychology

Boot, I, & Pecher, D. (2011). Representation of categories: Metaphorical use of the container schema. Experimental Psychology, 58(2), 162–170. doi:10.1027/1618-3169/a000082