A theoretical distinction within self-control, between stop control and start control, was investigated in two studies. Study 1 consisted of a pilot study in which expert ratings of existing self-control items were used to distinguish between stop and start control items and a confirmatory factor analyses of these items using a student sample (N=474). Also, stop and start control were related to overall affect and behavioural outcomes. Stop control was negatively related to negative affect, whereas start control was positively related to positive affect. Study 2 (N=226) replicated some of these findings; stop control was the best predictor (-) of smoking and alcohol consumption whereas start control was the best predictor (+) of exercising and studying.

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doi.org/10.1002/per.796, hdl.handle.net/1765/30903
European Journal of Personality
Department of Psychology

de Boer, B., van Hooft, E., & Bakker, A. (2011). Stop and start control: A distinction within self-control. European Journal of Personality, 25(5), 349–362. doi:10.1002/per.796