Purpose: In this study the authors focus on different (configurations of) leadership or management styles in schools for general and vocational education.Findings: Using multilevel (students and schools) analyses, strong differences in effective management styles between schools with different student populations were observed.Conclusions: The authors present a description of relevant management factors in different educational contexts.

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Keywords effective management, evaluation, school effectiveness, secondary education, student achievement
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013161X11400186, hdl.handle.net/1765/30924
Journal Educational Administration Quarterly
Hofman, W.H.A, & Hofman, R.H. (2011). Smart management in effective schools: Effective management configurations in general and vocational education in the Netherlands. Educational Administration Quarterly, 47(4), 620–645. doi:10.1177/0013161X11400186