The paper looks at the impact of migration and workers' remittances on the competitiveness of the home economy. It extends existing research that concentrated on the exchange rate effects of remittances, the so-called Dutch disease effect, by adding labor market effects. The results show that the labor market effects of emigration and remittances have a significant impact on competitiveness that goes beyond the traditional exchange rate effect.

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World Development
Erasmus School of Economics

Bayangos, V., & Jansen, K. (2011). Remittances and Competitiveness: The Case of the Philippines. World Development, 39(10), 1834–1846. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.04.019